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Career In Optometry

Introduction: Optometry is a healthcare profession. It is related to the study of the eye and visual system. An optometrist is a professional with an optometry degree. A candidate aspiring to pursue a career in Optometry can enrol for a Bachelor of Science in Optometry. The course introduces one with extensive knowledge and details about the human eye and visual system. Apart from the fundamentals the course also provides considerable information about various medical equipment that an optometry student/professional must know about.

B SC. Optometry is a three-year course. However, in some universities, it is a four-year course as it includes a one-year internship too. The admission in the B.SC optometry takes place through an entrance-based process and merit-based process.

B.Sc Optometry is an undergraduate program. The aspirants with a keen interest in the field can also opt for the specializations such as Contact lenses, vision therapy, sports vision, ocular disease, geriatric, paediatric, low vision, occupational vision, education and research.

The degree course includes various subjects related to general physiology, ocular physiology, low vision aids, nutrition, geometric optics much more.

Eligibility criteria for B. SC Optometry

  • The students with a 10+2 degree in science from a recognized board or university can take admissions in B. SC Optometry.
  • The minimum marks required to take admission in B. SC optometry varies from institute to institute. However, the basic and most common qualifying criteria includes at least 50% marks in PCB/PCM/PCMB.
  • Some colleges also conduct Optometry entrance examinations. The students need to take the entrance test in order to secure admissions in B. SC Optometry.
  • There is no maximum age limit for B. SC optometry.

Admission Process for BSc Optometry

  • The admission in the B. SC Optometry is given to the students on the basis of their performance in entrance examinations plus their scores in 10+2.

    Following is the admission process for B. SC Optometry.

    1. The candidate must thoroughly check the eligibility criteria, qualifying conditions and admission process before applying to a college/ university.
    2. Check the basic criteria for admission entrance/merit.
    3. Visit the college or apply online for the B. SC optometry. The candidate must carefully fill in the details in the admission form or make the necessary payment.
    4. Appear for entrance exam
    5. Admission to B. SC Optometry is granted on the basis of the entrance exam. The college/universities will display a merit list of students qualifying for the B. SC admission in optometry.
    6. Post the cut-off list, shortlisted students are called for the counselling session. The admission for B. SC in Optometry is granted based on the interaction of students in the counselling round. Counselling sessions enable faculty to test the individual’s skills, ability and gauge their calibre.

Documents required for BSc Optometry admission

  • Mark sheet and pass certificate of Class X or XII examination.
  • Proof of date of birth.
  • School leaving certificate
  • Transfer certificate
  • Domicile certificate/ residential proof or certificate
  • Provisional certificate
  • Character certificate
  • Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe/Other Backward Caste certificates
  • Proof of disability (if any)
  • Migration Certificate

BSc Optometry Syllabus

The curriculum of B. SC optometry is well-thought and researched. The syllabus covers all the important aspects of optometry to train and educate the students.  B. SC Optometry is divided into 6 semesters.

Following is the semester wise break up of the B. SC Optometry syllabus



Basic Accountancy

Contact Lens

Clinical Psychology

Functional English and Communication

Community and Occupational Optometry

Geriatric Optometry and Paediatric Optometry

Computer Basics

General Biochemistry & Ocular Biochemistry



General Physiology and Ocular Physiology

Hospital Procedures

General Anatomy and Ocular Anatomy

Low Vision Aids

Geometrical Optics


Hospital Procedures




Ocular Diseases and Eye & Systemic Diseases

Physical Optics

Optometric and Dispensing Optics

Public Relations

Optometric Instruments and Clinical Examination of Visual System

Research Methodology and Statistics

Pathology & Microbiology

Squint and Binocular Vision


Visual Optics

Future, Scope and Advantages

After B. SC Optometry one gets access to umpteen career opportunities. Professionals with an optometry degree are very much in demand. Private hospitals, health care institutions, govern hospitals, optician showrooms, eyecare clinics continually scout qualified individuals.

The salary and pay scale in optometry depends upon several factors such as the education qualification of individuals, skills, personality, job profile, experience and much more.

Some of the prominent job positions on can serve post completing B.SC in Optometry includes:

  • Optometrist
  • Optician
  • Sales Executive
  • Teacher
  • Optometry Researcher

Post the completion of B. SC in optometry one can also opt for a master’s in the subject or pursue higher education by going for PhD.




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