Bachelor of Dental Surgery

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Bachelor of Dental Surgery

One of the most popular courses in the field of medical education is the Bachelors in Dental Sciences of what is commonly known as BDS. The BDS course is a full-time graduation course that enables students to become dental surgeons. Dental Sciences is a course that equips a student with expertise in the dental field for diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases or disorders related to the teeth and oral cavity. BDS is that branch of medicine that also deals with treatment and restoration of defective or missing teeth amongst solving structural problems associated with the mouth.

The BDS course and the degree is regulated by the Dental Council of India ( DCI ). The BDS is a 4-year full-time graduation course and after successful completion of the course, on the acquisition of the license, one can start a dentistry practice and successful students are awarded the title ‘of Dr’ as well.

There are more than 300 dental colleges in India with more than 26000 seats spread across the country across government and private colleges.

Eligibility Criteria

The BDS is a graduation course that requires the following eligibility criteria:

  1. The Aspirant has to successfully qualify 10+2 or Class XII examination with Physics, Chemistry and Biology (PCB) as subjects.
  2. For the General Category of Students, the minimum marks required for the 10+2 or Class XII examination is 50% while for the reserved category students, the minimum marks in Class XII or 10+2 examination should be 40%
  3. The minimum age of the aspirant applying for the BDS course is 17 while the upper limit on the age of the applicant is 25.
  4. The aspirant should successfully clear the National Eligibility and Entrance Test or what is popularly known as the NEET test.

Admission Process


A few dental colleges that are affiliated with universities need to apply for admissions to BDS through the university admissions portal while those that are autonomous colleges require applications through their own admissions office.

For applying to a college, students need to upload all their details on the online portals of the universities or college web-portals. A few colleges also support offline form filling where students need to physically visit college offices to submit forms along with necessary supporting colleges.


Every dental college has its own cut-off NEET marks. In case a student has applied for a college where the cut-off criterion is met, the student gets to attend its counselling sessions post which you can confirm admission in that college. In a few colleges, there are Group Discussion rounds and interview rounds of all students meeting the cut-off criterion. Please note that to gain admission to top BDS colleges, you need to achieve a very high level of marks in the NEET examination.


The Bachelors in Dental Sciences course is a structured course that covers the theoretical and practical aspects of dental and general medical sciences. In the initial part of the course, students learn various general medical aspects of human health with a special emphasis on dental health and gradually during the course students learn different aspects of oral care and treatments. Various aspects of dental studies need to be studied in a practical manner and hence along with teaching in class, students also need to attend practical sessions in hospitals.

The BDS Syllabus generally covers the following:

  • General Anatomy including dental Anatomy
  • Embryology 
  • Histology including Oral Histology
  • BioChemistry
  • Dental Materials and Oral Medicines
  • Preclinical Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge
  • General Pathology and Microbiology
  • General and Dental Pharmacology and Therapeutics
  • Preclinical Conservative Dentistry
  • Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology
  • Oral Radiology and Periodontology
  • Orthodontics
  • Oral Surgery
  • Preventive Dentistry

During the curriculum, it is mandatory for students to undergo an internship program.

General Human Anatomy including Embryology and Histology

General Human Physiology and Biochemistry, Nutrition and Dietetics

Dental Anatomy, embryology, and Oral Histology

Dental Materials

Preclinical Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge

General Pathology and Microbiology

General and Dental Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Preclinical Conservative Dentistry

Preclinical Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge

Oral Pathology & Oral Microbiology


General Medicine

General Surgery

Oral Pathology & Microbiology

Conservative Dentistry And Endodontic

Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral Medicine And Radiology

Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics

Pediatric & Preventive Dentistry

Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics

Oral Medicine and Radiology

Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry


Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge

Conservative Dentistry And Endodontics

Conservative Dentistry And Endodontics

BDS Scope or Future Advantages

A wide range of opportunities opens upon successful completion of the BDS course from a reputed institute. Students can choose from becoming a practising dentist – either own practice or practising in a private / government hospital, a researcher in the field of medicine, lecturer in medical colleges or even pursue higher education in the field of Dental Sciences – the MDS.

BDS is one of the more rewarding courses in the field of medical sciences where the demand for dentists is on the rise in the country as well as abroad. As a result, one can pursue a rewarding career in India or even abroad.  In fact, a large proportion of BDS graduates in India practice in the Gulf or Western Countries.

One of the reasons why BDS is a preferred course over courses like MBBS is that BDS offers a stress-free life. There are not many life-threatening emergencies calls for a dentist and many people prefer this to the stress of being a doctor on an emergency call. In addition, a BDS graduate can start practising right after passing the course compared to others in the medical field where they need to pursue a specialization.



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